عنوان المقالة:Screeing for Hepatitis ( HBs Ag) and Hepatitis C (HCV Ab) Among Dialysis Children. Screeing for Hepatitis ( HBs Ag) and Hepatitis C (HCV Ab) Among Dialysis Children.
ا.م. هدى صاحب عبد المحمد | Assist.Prof. Huda Sahib Abdul-Mohammed | 5440
نوع النشر
مجلة علمية
المؤلفون بالعربي
1-Huda S. Al-Rawazq 2-Luay I. Al-Rawi 3-Riyadh Abdul-R. Al-Zubaidy
المؤلفون بالإنجليزي
1-Huda S. Al-Rawazq 2-Luay I. Al-Rawi 3-Riyadh Abdul-R. Al-Zubaidy
الملخص العربي
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection account for a substantial proportion of liver diseases worldwide. Because the two hepatotropic viruses share same modes of transmission, co-infection with the two viruses is not uncommon. Dialysis modality has been identified as a major risk factor for infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). The prevalence of both infections in hemodialysis and blood recipient patients is very high, although it varies among countries and among hemodialysis units within the same country. Objective: To detect the presence of HBs Ag and anti-HCV in sample of dialysis children, to find out the most important risk factors, evaluate the knowledge about the two infections in the selected sample, find out the effect of frequent blood transfusion or blood product transfusion on the prevalence of hepatitis B and C. Methods: In this study 80 blood sample in hemodialysis unit for children were collected from Pediatric Central Teaching Hospital in Baghdad during the period from 1st January till the 31st of March 2014. A questionnaire form had been used for data collection included: age, sex, residence, times number of transfusion blood and blood product. The diagnosis of HBV and HCV infection is largely based on examining, the presence of circulation serological markers of HBs Ag and Anti-HCV Ab by using an Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) technique. Results: The result study included 34 (42.50%) total positive serological test represent 21 (26.25%) HBs Ag, 8 (10.0%) HCV Ab, 5 (6.25%), mixed (HBs Ag and HCV Ab) and negative serological test 46 (57.5%) from total patient with hepatitis. The age group (at birth -3 years) represent 16 (20.0%) more than other age group and the distribution of HBs Ag patients according to the sex it was found that males 15 (18.7%) more than females 6 (7.5%) also show the HBV are more in one time of blood transfusion which represent 12 (46.2%). Conclusions: Serological tests that gave most positive results between children with HBV infection in the first three years of age especially in males more than females and received one time of blood transfusions.
تاريخ النشر
01/07/2016
الناشر
Iraqi Medical Journal
رقم المجلد
62
رقم العدد
2
ISSN/ISBN
0304-4564
رابط DOI
http://imj.edu.iq/index.php/imj/article/view/281
الصفحات
100-104
الكلمات المفتاحية
Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, (HBs Ag), (HCV Ab), Dialysis children.
رجوع